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The Pantheon of Rome is certainly one of the most fascinating historical buildings in Rome. It is located in Campo Marzio, one of the most iconic neighborhoods of the Eternal city, where you can experience the authentic Roman atmosphere.
Where Ancient Rome is fused with the bustle of everyday life.
The square, Piazza della Rotonda, in front of the Pantheon is always busy, with people from all over the world. Shops and restaurants surround it today, and you can enjoy a cup of cappuccino while wondering about ancient times and how extraordinary is the fact that a building so ancient, so spiritually relevant, so fascinating in its structure, perfectly coexists with modernization and has survived the centuries.
When you are in Rome, make a very special stop to visit the Pantheon. In June, during the Pentecost, during the Summer Solstice, or any other time of the year, this is one of the finest examples of Roman times you cannot miss.
This historical construction was first founded by Agrippa (Friend and Son in law of the First Roman Emperor, Augustus), around the 27th Century Bc. in honor of a mother Goddess Cybele and all the Gods.
The inscription on the façade narrates “Marcus Agrippa, L.F. (Lucii filius) COS. (consul) tertium fecit” Literally translates to “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, has commissioned it when he was consulate for the third time”.
A signature, if you will. To highlight his properties in the monumentalization of the Neighborhood, Campus Martius.
In fact, the Pantheon of Rome was part of a 3 dislocated building complex:
The Pantheon and the Basilica of Neptune were called “Sacra Privata”, private buildings used for sacred adoration. One may assume, given the original inscription, that the building is the original construction; when in fact, archeological excavations have proven that Agrippa’s Original structure was rebuilt under a different Emperor, Hadrian, several years later, because it was actually destroyed not once, but twice by 2 fiery fires in different moments in time.
Pantheon oculus – “the big eye”
For Centuries, especially in Renaissance times, the Pantheon has been a marvel to so many, for its peculiar spherical shape. Entering the Pantheon for the first time, will leave you speechless. The sphere becomes a dome, with an enormous circular skyline in the middle.
That is called the Oculus, the big eye.
The only window that allows light and heat to penetrate. The interesting fact about the oculus is that it’s created for an even more fascinating reason: A “solar watch”.
From its skyline, a ray of sunlight enters the Pantheon every day, and it rotates inside, depending on the hour. Meticulous infrastructural calculations have created an incredible astrological phenomenon: At noon during the summer solstice a ray of light pushes through the big eye in the dome, projecting a disk of pure sunshine on the entire floors, 43 meters below, of the same diameter as the oculus.
So not only this building is an architectural digest, it’s also an astrological observatory. An observatory dedicated to all the Gods, hence the name. With the end of Roman Times, and the Beginning of the first Imperialistic Christian Sovereigns, the Pantheon was abandoned for several years.
Fast-forward to Christianity when Pope Bonifacio VIII proclaimed this site an official Catholic Basilica, naming it Santa Maria ad Martyres.
The rose petal ceremony
It is, to this day an active church in Roman Catholicism. In fact, the Pantheon will always be connected to spirituality. Take the rose petal ceremony, for example.
A tradition that takes place during the feast of Pentecost in June, to which a Mass is dedicated. After the Mass, traditionally thousands of Rose Petals are released into the Pantheon, through the Oculus, creating a moving, romantic and profound moment. Symbolizing the descent of the Holy Spirit on Earth. Imagine standing underneath the big eye in the dome of the Pantheon, while Red rose petals fluster all around you, from 43 meters in the air. Only in Rome, will you find something so magical.
The tombs of the Pantheon of Rome
The Pantheon is one of the most beautiful Basilicas in the World. It also hosts the tombs of some of the most well renowned and important figures in the history of Italy, such as royal members of the Savoia family, and several artists, like Raffaello Sanzio.
It certainly remains a place, filled with mysteries to discover.
Like the Pantheon’s undergrounds, only recently reopen after a massive restoration. The secret Pantheon, lies 7 meters below the surface. A trip that begins with the so called Devil’s dungeon. A heavy bronze door opens to a different level in time: The rooms dedicated to the Basilica of Neptune have been en-globed with the most recent rebuilding of the Pantheon. More like underneath it. The marble floors and decorations that follow an oceanic pattern, with dolphins floating away between the God’s Trident.
Who knows for how long the Pantheon will stand for. It will certainly outlive us all. As many Ancient Roman Architects, this building is everlasting.
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This may be the best way to visit Rome while docked in Civitavecchia Port On a day trip to the Eternal city you will have a private tour driver to swiftly pick you up in leisure transportation, from your dock, to take you on a marvelous tour. While traveling on ancient roads, lined with centenary pine trees, you’ll reach the city center. You'll visit the highlights of Rome, some attractions known all over the World, other true hidden gems waiting to be discovered. The Colosseum, one of the most well known venues. A pillar of Roman Architecture A stroll around the Ancient Roman Forum, is definitely a must to truly appreciate ancient ways where in the Roman life, the Senate, the market place and temples to worship archaic Gods and conduct business. Piazza Venezia is next on the list. A famous square with a gigantic, temple-like building, a giant horseman, King Vittorio Emanuele, in striking pose, prepared for battle, hosting the tomb of tombs, the Unknown soldier, one fallen soldier to voice the loss of every Italian soldier near and far. On the other side of the Square is Mussolini’s balcony, infamous building from which the "Duce" used to gather crowds and deliver megalomaniac patriotic speeches. Continue along the busy Via del Corso, to find yourself immersed in the picturesque atmosphere. A giant street with dozens of tiny narrow streets crossing it, in which you can find Via Margutta, the street of the Artists, Piazza della Rotonda, with the famous Pantheon, the Trevi Fountain, the Spanish Steps, Piazza Navona, famous for beautiful fountains and Renaissance buildings, and more. You will see things like never before, with new eyes. Discovering curiosities and architectures and history to make your head spin. Like the Maps of the Empire, the Arch of Constantine; Columns, decorated in marble reliefs or hieroglyphs, like the one of Marcus Aurelio. And the House of the Italian Parliament and Council of Ministers. Other Roman Curiosities are Capitoline and Palatine Hills, Circus Maximus, where Ancient Romans used to conduct gory battles and entertaining spectacles, Trajan's Column, then The Giant Marble Foot and the Cat Street, The Temples of Apollo, Vesta and Janus. All fantastic things to see, we don't want to spoil the surprise. All these curiosities can sure work up an appetite! Luckily for you, your tour driver not only has good taste in arranging the best activity in Rome for you, but also enjoys a good meal. With the ton of Trattorias, Restaurants and such, he will select the best ones where you can enjoy a nice, traditional Italian style lunch. The exploration continues with a drive by along the Tiber River, from where you can see Castel Sant'Angelo, A marvel in architectures, curios shape and history. An Ancient Roman Building of massive proportions. Commissioned by Emperor Hadrian, it was supposed to be his and his family's Mausoleum. However after its initial purposes were dismissed, with the advent of Christianity, it was converted in a fortress in the Papal reign. Fun fact: Legend has it, Castel Sant'Angelo was connected with the Vatican, through underground tunnels, used in case the Pope had to flee from Vatican City or not to attract attention. But speaking Vatican City, you cannot leave Rome without seeing Saint Peter's Basilica first! This beautiful church, pillar of Christianity, with incredibly tall ceilings and impressive domes, is a must see when in Rome. A vast amount of statues, paintings, frescos, make this church a wonderful exposition. From Bernini's Pulpit, placed on top of Saint Peter's resting place, to the Tombs of the Popes in the undergrounds and the Marble "Pietà" by Michelangelo, you will not be disappointed. At the end of such an Experience in Rome, your tour driver will take you back to your cruise ship with wonderful stories to tell and beautiful memories of such a great time.
Private Rome Highlights. The title says it all! If you are not big on long day tours, this just might be the perfect solution for you. A nice, 7 hour private Rome Highlights tour from pick up to drop off, to visit the absolute best sights in Rome. Highlights of Rome is the perfect combination of convenience, time and comfort. Your personal tour driver will welcome you with open arms (with a sign with your name, between them) directly at the dock of your cruise ship! All of our tour drivers in Rome have special permission to access the restricted docking areas of Civitavecchia Port After a quick introduction, a nice chat to learn more about your day, you will arrive in Rome. The Eternal City. Of course, we are famous for being flexible and for offering tailored options, to satisfy every possible need. But just, for a review on what a Highlights of Rome tour would entail, here is all the details. Driving on cobblestone streets, surrounded by centenary pine trees, you'll be transported in different period in times, just by looking out the window from your passenger's seat. Bypassing some Archeological sites as the Piramide of Caio Cestio, embedded in the surrounding atmosphere of the Aurelian walls and the entrance of the neighborhood of Aventino, one of the most characteristic neighborhoods of Rome. A Pyramid from the Roman Ages, standing on the exact spot where the primary ancient Roman roads intersect. Driving along Viale Aventino you'll find the famous Circus Maximus to your right The famous Ancient Roman stadium hosted so many competitions that it's purpose, perfectly suits the name. A circus, of ancient times, traditions and glorious stories. Just behind the Circus Maximus, still visible are the ruins of the Palatine Hill. Another historical Landmark in Rome. Behind Palatine Hill stands tall the Colossus, the one and only Colosseum,. While you enjoy your tour drivers anecdotes and details, as you approach the Colosseum you can step out to take pictures! If you'd like to visit it on the inside, your tour driver will be happy to wait for you by the vehicle. And you can find options to book skip the line tickets during the booking process, just in case. The drive around continues Next off the list is Capitoline Hill, where the Town Hall and Mayors office is. Capitoline Hill may just be the symbol of Rome, aside from the Colosseum, since it's where the politics and well-being of the city are discussed. Passing by Piazza Venezia, you will find Italy's last King's Memorial. As many Italian landmarks, it is quite hard to miss, not just because of it's enormous sizes. Driving toward the city center, take a detour, to the Amazing Pantheòn, hidden in the Piazza della Rotonda, surrounded by tall buildings in tiny cobble streets. Then off to the Trevi Fountain. You can't say you've seen Rome, if you haven't made a quick stop to see this gigantic fountain. More importantly, if you haven't tossed the coin into it. Since you are already in one of the most gorgeous areas of the City, we highly recommend stopping in Campo de Fiori, or Trastevere, two ancient neighborhoods, filled with so much beauty and history. But more importantly, filled with amazing places to eat! Enjoy a traditional Roman meal in one of the squares of the neighborhoods. Sip on a glass of red wine and take it all in. Your highlights of Rome will continue with one, very special, final stop. Saint Peter’s Basilica! One of the Holiest places on Earth! Admire its High Renaissance and baroque architecture. With its greatness of art and golden details, marble and mosaics, the atmosphere is overwhelming. Be sure not to miss Michelangelo’s Pieta, completed when the master was only in his 20s. Just when you think you've seen it all, heading back to your cruise ship, you will drive through some of the most enchanted, picturesque scenery in Italy.
An all-inclusive Ancient experience in the Heart of Rome Are you interested in the core Ancient Roman Empire History? Do you want an up-close experience of the mighty Colosseum and other archeological wonders of the Eternal city? This private tour includes everything you will need to make your day in Rome the best. Private deluxe transportation, a professional guide all for you and skip the line tickets. Discover the Roman Empire with our highly qualified guide! Your personal tour driver will welcome you in Civitavecchia Port, holding a sign with your name, directly at the dock of your cruise ship! Traveling the ancient roads to the City center, you will arrive in the Heart of Rome to meet your guide, at "Parco Archeologico del Colosseo" the Colosseum's Archeological Park: Il Colosseo, the pillar of Rome, learn all there is to know about the Colosseum Palatino, one of the legendary 7 hills of Rome Foro Romano, the square where the community would gather to conduct their affairs Get ready for an interactive experience in this Archeological wonder! This tour of the Roman Empire, will be explained to you by one of our passionate guides, for an entirely private guided tour. The unimaginable wonders you will learn will leave you speechless. A perfect mix of history, fun facts and down to earth explanations, to share with you some interesting details on what makes this place so unique. Select your option for a private guided tour of the Colosseum, directly during the booking process! Many youngsters have often asked, is it really that old? Is the Colosseum a reproduction of what once was? No my friends, the Colosseum that we all know and love is the real deal, in the flesh. Well, in stone. This Giant was created nearly 2000 years ago It was used for entertainment primarily. Although the sources of entertainment was quite different back then. In fact the Colosseum was built to host all sorts of games, from hunting scenes to Naval battles and the infamous Gladiator fights. Next on the Ancient Rome Tour, the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill, where Roman Civilization truly began You will walk through the ancient ruins of temples, markets and churches of the Roman Forum. Here is where the Ancient Romans conducted their affairs, business, religious, and political. It hosted several Governmental buildings and a great Market Place. A place to gather the people, to shop, to discuss politics, to worship pagan Gods and sometimes protest. Anything relevant that happened in the City Center, would happen here. There are several other places in Rome from the Imperialistic period and more recent, you don't want to miss Such as the Arch of Constantine and Capitoline Hill, the head of Rome's Politics today. Hosting the mayor's office and one of the most fascinating Museums on Roman History, i Musei Capitolini. The square of Capitoline Hill was designed by Michelangelo himself! Next on the list would be Pantheon. But why not grab a bite to eat first? After your morning tour, your driver will be happy to recommend one of the best, typical Roman restaurants or “Trattorias” in the area. Then off to the Pantheon. One of the most beautiful buildings of Ancient Rome. Built to worship "All the Gods", it was converted to church in the Catholic era, becoming one of the most beautiful active Basilicas in the World! And resting place to some of the most famous and important figures through time, like Italy's King and Queen consort and the famous artist Raphael. Last but not least, you will drive to the ancient Appian Way where you will have the chance to stop and visit one of the famous Catacombs located in the area. You will have the opportunity of visiting Rome literally on every level. These catacombs are so fascinating, you will really find their story are intriguing, In some areas of Underground Rome, you will find miles-long tunnels in Catacombs that are even 4 stories-deep. After such an exciting experience in the depths of Rome, you will return to Civitavecchia Port, feeling grateful for booking this private guided tour with us!